Tło Coastline

Słowiński National Park

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It is located in the central part of the Polish coast, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship. It covers the Łebska Spit, the Gardeńsko-Łebska Lowland, the frontal moraine with the highest peak of 114.8 m a.s.l. on the Rowokół hill and a number of lakes: Łebsko (71.4 km²), Gardno (24.5 km²), Smołdzińskie Lake (43 ha), Dołgie Wielkie Lake (156 ha) and Dołgie Małe (6.3 ha). The peculiarity of coastal lakes are periodic inflows of sea water during strong storms. The inflow of salt water makes it possible for these areas to be inhabited by quite numerous elephants. 7 rivers flow through the park, the largest of which are Łeba flowing into the Łebsko lake and Łupawa flowing into the Gardno lake. There are 12 strict and 3 partial reserves in the Park. In 1977, it was included by UNESCO (under the "Man and the Biosphere" program) into the network of World Biosphere Reserves, and in 1995 included in the list of areas protected by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Natural Importance. Characteristic elements of the Park are coastal lakes, swamps, meadows, peat bogs, coastal forests and forests, and above all a dune spit belt with moving dunes. The park's symbol is a seagull. About six thousand years ago, at the Park site, there was a Baltic bay with banks built from moraine hills - a remnant of the Scandinavian glacier, which melted completely 10,000 years ago. As a result of the action of the Baltic waves, wind, sea currents and applied sand, a thin sandy peninsula was created isolating the bay from the sea. The peninsula gradually increased separating the bay from the sea. It is currently 35 km long and 1-15 km wide. The resulting shallow lakes as a result of a constant supply of water and organic matter from the rivers were sweetened, silted up and gradually began to overgrow. The tank has been split into several smaller ones. This is how shallow, muddy, lakes surrounded by reeds and bulrush arose. The process of applying sand by the sea, although on a much smaller scale is still ongoing. Sand dumped on the beach, dried by the sun and wind, is blown towards the land. He builds extensive moving dunes here. These dunes covered some of the Słowińce settlements (the park's name comes from them), such as Boleniec and Rąbka.


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